A History of Elections to the House of Lords in the United Kingdom from 1707 to the 2010 General Ele (BOK)
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This fascinating and relevant reference book addresses the consequences of the controversial 1999 Act of Parliament which instituted an electoral process for the purpose of maintaining the representation of the hereditary element in the House of Lords. That agreement allowed 90 Hereditary Peers to be elected and to continue to sit in the House of Lords. A timely topic of the UK House of Lords reform. As a result of the 1999 Act of Parliament an electoral process was put in place for the purpose of maintaining the representation of the hereditary element in the House of Lords. This was not the first time that Elections to the House of Lords at Westminster occurred as they were introduced after the Union of the English and Scottish Parliaments with the creation of Great Britain in 1707. This was augmented after the formation of the United Kingdom, created as a result of the Union with Ireland in 1801, when there were elections of both Scottish and Irish peers to the House of Lords at Westminster for more than a century. As a result of the 1963 Peerage Act there were no elected Peers in the House of Lords for 36 years, after a period of 256 years of elections. Tony Blair's Labour Government came to power in 1997 with a mandate to exclude the Hereditary Peerage from the House of Lords. There were lengthy negotiations between the political parties, which culminated in the 1999 Act of Parliament and agreement that 90 Hereditary Peers should be elected to continue to sit in the House of Lords. A description is given of the original election in 1999 and the subsequent by-elections, which have occurred to replace Hereditary Peers who have died. After more than ten years an assessment is made of the consequences of this process, as this was one of the controversial measures in the 1999 Act, as well as a consideration of what has happened as a result of the 2010 general Election.