Avoiding Damage Caused by Soil-structure Interaction: Lessons Learnt from Case Histories (BOK)
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Increasing development in the urban environment and supporting infrastructure systems has necessitated a greater use of underground space and sites that were hitherto judges to be not economically viable (e.g. because of difficult ground conditions). This presents many challenges in terms of planning, design and construction as well as the protection of existing buildings. Understanding the complex nature of soil-structure interaction and the resulting ground movements is an integral part of assessing developments involving new construction, for example tunnels and deep excavations. There is a strong concern that any potential damage resulting from such works is minimised, particularly for historic and sensitive structures. This report provides those involved in urban planning and construction with examples of different situations and problems that can occur. This engenders an awareness of the risks involved and establishes an ability to recognise and categorize damage and so minimize it and avoid major accidents. It provides an overall summary to geotechnical and structural engineers and a general awareness to the non-specialist.