This title introduces core concepts in teaching methods and approaches. This textbook shows you how to link research to practice in TESOL methodology. Covering core topics from vocabulary and grammar to teaching, writing, speaking and listening, it emphasises how current interpretations have impacted on the language classroom worldwide. It investigates the meaning of 'methods' and 'methodology' and the importance of these for the teacher, as well as the underlying assumptions and beliefs teachers bring to bear in their practice. By introducing you to language teaching approaches, you will explore the way these are influenced by developments in our understanding of language, learning technologies, learners, and their socio-cultural world. Three main areas in TESOL methods are covered: the impact of learner needs, context and culture on language, learning and teaching approaches; knowledge of language and its impact on methods, from the word to whole texts; and multiple literacies and competences for the modern world, including academic literacy and web literacy, socio-cultural and intercultural competence. It also discusses the impact on teacher choices and methods of World Englishes, approaches to grammar, and learner development. It is written specifically for those studying TESOL teaching. Each chapter illustrates core principles in practice using case studies of English teaching worldwide. Guided tasks, including article critique, case study analysis, and classroom research, prepare students to engage critically with research literature. It is the first book to teach methods and practice in a global context.