This groundbreaking text makes the case for moving culture to the centre of psychological theorizing. The authors start by outlining a coherent conceptual framework for cultural psychology. Their approach focuses on making sense of human action in terms of relationships with environments: it stresses the importance of cultural artefacts within person-world relationships: and it foregrounds the social experience which is essential in transmitting culture. The second half of the text shows what sort of investigations are likely to be inspired by such a conception of psychology, giving readers a more pragmatic sense of what is involved. It offers a portfolio of empirical examples, including explorations of space and place, artefacts and technologies, representational systems, organizations and institutions. The text as a whole will stimulate instructors to create new courses in cultural psychology, setting a syllabus for future study and research.