This concise and fully illustrated introduction to methods of excavation describes a technique that is essential for all kinds of archaeology. It presents new ideas on excavation techniques and challenges traditional approaches to site organisation and recording. John Collis uses his 40 years of excavation experience to recommend practical solutions to problems, and considers the impact of computerisation and other technical innovations. He also describes the history and development of archaeological excavation which provides a background to the methods employed today. This practical common sense guide should find a place on the bookshelf of everyone who practices archaeology on a professional or amateur basis, and is illuminating reading for anyone who wants to understand how archaeologists can recover the past by digging in the soil.