Distant and Dangerous Days in Burma and China: With Letters, a Diary and Historic Photographs (BOK)

Elizabeth Tebby Germaine

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(revised edition March 2014) INTRODUCTION author's reasons for writing the book. Throughout book accounts of history in the Far East explain what was happening when many letters from several sources and a book and diary were written by her mother, Josephine Chapman. CHAPTER 1 'A young Englishwoman arrives in China in 1926' The first letter from Marian Chapman aged 23 describes civil war in Shanghai and the second her trouble with the language, difficulties making ends meet, and hostility to foreigners she experienced. First three chapters discuss complexities in recent history, weakening and fall of Qing Dynasty, Opium Wars, contradictory attitudes to Christianity, new Republic 1911 and Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek (with an old newspaper cutting) beginnings of Communist Party, Japanese invasion through 1930's, occupation of Manchuria,Japan walking out of the League of Nations, Marian's wedding, birth of her 3 children in different places, old photos of work in the Chinese church, and chapter 3 ends by introducing Marian's younger sister, Josephine and future husband Christopher Lewis and his sister Dorothy who all spoke fluent Burmese, leading into CHAPTER 4. CHAPTER 4 'Burma - a clash of cultures and religions' contains many photos of Burma taken between 1937-66 including pagodas, schools and churches, ruby mines, paddy fields, teak logging, Burmese people. There is historical and religious background, Anglo-Burmese wars, stories of difficulties of early missionaries, stories relating to conflicts between religions, political unrest leading up to onset of war 1941. CHAPTER 5 'Invasion' contains first section of Josephine's diary begun 4 days before Pearl Harbour. Shows her travels doing her work and unexpected and savage air raids in Rangoon, destruction and chaos and indecision, much travelling, crowded trains and boats, thousands of refugees leaving Rangoon, photos of Rangoon, delta villages and Christians in an air raid, fears of Karen Christians (more stories are in later chapter) Japanese propaganda leaflets, she begins her journey with others in cars and buses, a map detailing the journey, more journeys ferrying children around, descriptions of Mandalay during air raids, crowded boats and trains, difficulties with transporting children, confusion and danger with constant worries about the Japanese. Contemporary events such as the fall of Singapore in February and significant battles during the advance of the Japanese are added to diary text showing how close they were. Josephine realises she will have to walk to India. CHAPTER 6 'A hard walk over the hill into India' She treks with strangers through tough country, with accounts of boats and rafts, walking through rivers and climbing jungle clad mountains, remote villages, living on rice and tea. Some photos of jungle country, village people, boats and rafts. She reaches India and safety, and wrote further accounts she heard later of the fate of the children and others. Two accounts of similar treks through the jungle by a soldier and doctor are quoted next with permission from Burma Star website. CHAPTER 7 'Experiences in war-torn Burma 1942-45' Map of Japanese Empire 1942, mention of Japanese extreme loyalty to their Emperor. War accounts by George Appleton (later Archbishop of Jerusalem), Karen Christians at Kappali village, John Hla Gyaw's story, stories of conflicts between Buddhists and Christians and survivals of imprisonment and torture by the Japanese, summary of part of Burma Campaign, quotation from speech to the press by Lord Louis Mountbatten in 1944, account written in 2012 by veteran John M Ellis of his part in Burma Campaign. CHAPTER 8 'A family escapes from China to England in 1943' is constructed around memories written in 2012 by Marian's three children, with accounts of events in China and India inserted around their accounts, journey started with six weeks in army trucks from Gweilin to Kunming, flying 'over the hump' to India, long train journeys by train to Bombay, family survived living in caves for about six weeks, struggling to find enough food, journey on troop ship through Suez Canal with stays in camps by the canal ,the illness of one child, eventually arriving in England with no money. CHAPTER 9 'The beginning of the end' Brief account of final stages of Burma Campaign, photo of Burmese man and child in village, and flooded river, background to Potsdam Declaration, wording of the Declaration addressed to the Japanese nation is quoted in full, further fighting, dropping of Atom bombs, final surrender, photo Taukkyan War Cemetery with details of those buried and inscriptions. CHAPTER 10 'Return to Burma, Independence, a bullet in a bible and a baby in a drawer.' Josephine returned to Burma December 1945, there are extracts from her book, descriptions of Burma after the war, photo of bullocks, stories of tribute at graves of Burmese people killed in the war, account of life and assassination of Aung San and associated political events, photo of statue of Aung San, wedding of Josephine and Christopher Rangoon Cathedral and their move to Maymyo, photos Maymyo, newspaper report of Burmese Independence January 1948, birth of their first child, September 1948, reports of civil wars, Josephine's letters home are suddenly interrupted by fighting, escape to Rangoon losing everything, work restoring Cathedral, a moving visit from Japanese sailor with a letter he wrote, holiday in Shan states, return to England 1951, descriptive extracts from Josephine's book, photos Burmese people, mention of Joe (Marian's husband)brief return to China with photos leaving before new People's Republic in 1949. CHAPTER 11 'Dangerous times continued' Summary of some events under Mao Tse-Tung, photo Josephine and Christopher Cornwall 1950's, summary some events in Burma 1950's - 2012, photo Rangoon 1966, letter in Burmese written by Josephine, photos taken 2012 of farming, a monastery, the famous gate to Aung San Suu Kyi's house, a monk and Burmese children. IMAGES OF MYANMAR 2012 , 42 photos from trips 2012 with brief captions, book ends with 2 quotations 'Memory is a net: one finds it full of fish when one takes it from the brook; but a dozen miles of water have run through it without sticking.' 'Nothing is the beginning, there was always more that had happened before.' and NOTES WITH REFERENCES

Produktfakta

Språk Engelsk Engelsk Innbinding Heftet
Utgitt 2014 Forfatter Elizabeth Tebby Germaine
Forlag
BERTRAMS
ISBN 9780992669430
Antall sider 210 Dimensjoner 14,2cm x 20cm x 1,3cm
Vekt 187 gram Leverandør Bertram Trading Ltd
Emner og form 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000, Diaries, letters & journals, Asian history