The text of this Norton Critical Edition of Emma is based on the 1816 edition published by John Murray. George Justice has lightly and judiciously emended the text for faithfulness and clarity. The novel is accompanied by detailed annotations as well as facsimiles of the 1816 title and dedication pages. "Backgrounds" collects a wealth of source material, much of it new to this edition. "Reviews and Criticism" includes twelve major interpretations of the novel. A chronology and bibliography are also included.