There has been a surge in the political influence of religion across the globe, helped by the very forces that were supposed to bury it: democracy, globalisation and technology. Despite recent claims that religion is exclusively irrational and violent, its political influence is in fact diverse, sometimes promoting civil war and terrorism but at other times fostering democracy, reconciliation and peace. Looking across the globe, the authors explain what generates this radically divergent behaviour. In a time when the public discussion of religion is overheated, these dynamic young scholars use deeply original analysis and sharp case studies to show us both how and why religion's influence on global politics is surging. Finally they offer concrete suggestions on how to both confront the challenges and take advantage of the opportunities posed by globally resurgent religion.