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Does mainstream psychology offer us a 'true' insight into human nature? Or are current psychological theories and philosphies as much to be taken in the context of today's social and political thinking as were past beliefs within the discipline? Addressing this sometimes contentious debate, 'History and Theories of Psychology' introduces the core issues of critical psychology from a historical perspective. The authors show how the development of the discipline, far from being a steady progression towards an empirically verifiable truth, has been significantly shaped by its host society throughout history. The book is divided into two main sections. The first provides an overview of the history of psychology, using the benefit of hindsight to demonstrate how the discipline has been influenced and encroached upon by external events. The second applies the same broad perspective to issues in present day psychology, covering topics such as: the role of contemporary psychology, methodology within psychology, folk psychology and social constructionism. By addressing these issues in the light of critical psychology, the book aims to present a more realistic appreciation of the nature and scope of modern psychology, promoting greater critical awareness in students and teachers alike.