Reading Comprehension: Bk. 3 (BOK)

Dr. Nancy Mills

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Who is this resource for? This set of 30 short stories is designed to provide reading and comprehension material that is appropriate for adults who have literacy skills that do not allow them to be and/or feel successful in their everyday lives. A number of reasons account for the large number of adults in this category. Failure in school, a broken family, illness, negative life experiences, emigration, second language English and many other causes may have contributed to their situation. Most of these adults are aware of their needs. They also often lack confidence in their reading ability and wish to improve and further develop their literacy skills.This is hard to achieve by oneself, so many adults look for support. Seeking help is a huge step. Adults who seek help may have different motivations, including getting a job or moving up the job ladder. Or it may mean gaining independence in commonplace tasks such as sitting a driving exam, writing a grocery list, reading the newspaper or doing personal banking.A significant result of their efforts in literacy programs, in addition to increasing their reading skills, is the improvement of their self-image. They will be able to feel the effects in every part of their lives. How is the resource organized? The stories have been placed according to a continuum that gets gradually more difficult. The stories contain simple, repetitious words in sentences that are at first short but then increase in length through the resource. Each story is accompanied with a photo or graphic, and five comprehension questions.This resource is produced in the form of black line master worksheets. Ideas for using photocopiable worksheets are suggested at the end of this introduction. How is comprehension tested? The purpose of reading is for readers to gain information from the written word. It is possible to 'say' a word accurately but get no meaning or only a limited meaning from it. Therefore, checking the readers' understanding or comprehension of the text they have read is very important. Start by asking your students what the purpose of reading is. Many will answer with phrases such as 'learning to spell', or 'saying the words'. If necessary explain to them that the whole point of reading is to take the meaning out of the words that the writer put there.You might like to discuss the fact that it doesn't matter too much whether they read every word correctly, or whether they sound good when reading aloud. What matters is whether they take the meaning from the text. Ask the students how you will know that they have understood the text. They will come to realize that by answering the questions accurately, they are demonstrating that they have actually read the text, ie that they have understood the meaning behind the individual words. After your initial assessment of each of your students, you may find some of them need to start by discussing what the story is about, and even, in the early stages, by reading the story once or twice to them before they try reading it. Then, having read the story as many times as they feel they need to in order to understand the meaning, the students will complete the five comprehension questions that accompany that particular story.Questions test a variety of comprehension skills and go beyond basic recall. Most of the questions are literal, inferential or evaluative. Literal questions require the readers to be able to answer questions in the following formats: true/false, multiple choice, matching, sequencing, skimming and filling in the blanks. Inferential and evaluative questions require the reader to think beyond the words or to 'read between the lines', picking subtle clues that are not immediately obvious. These questions usually require the reader to write answers based on their understanding or opinion of the story, draw conclusions, make predictions, identify main ideas and use context to guess meaning. Some of the stories require the use of reference materials such as a dictionary, maps and diagrams.


Språk Engelsk Engelsk Innbinding Heftet
Utgitt 1999 Forfatter Dr. Nancy Mills
ISBN 9781842851012
Dimensjoner 21cm x 29,7cm x 2,9cm Vekt 264 gram
Andre medvirkende Dr. Graham Lawler Emner og form Modern & contemporary fiction (post c 1945), Short stories