The 1950s was a tense time in the Cold War, with the McCArthy witch hunts in the USA, the crushing of the Hungarian uprising and the rise of Castro in Cuba. It was also a time of great achievement, including the conquest of Everest, the first organ transplant and the launch of Sputnik. This book describes these and many other world-changing events that occurred during this decade. Part of the series Dates of a Decade, each title looks at the key dates that helped shape history during a particular decade in the 20th century. As well as describing landmark events, the books examine their causes and consequences and include contemporary newspaper reports and eyewitness accounts.