The Atlas of Medieval Europe covers the period from the fall of the Roman Empire through to the beginnings of the Renaissance, spreading from the Atlantic coast to the Russian steppes. Each map approaches a separate issue or series of events in medieval history, and a commentary locates it in its broader context. This second edition has over forty new maps covering a variety of topics including: the Moravian Empire environmental change the travels and correspondence of Froissart and travellers in the east the layout of great castles and palaces. Thorough coverage is also given to geographically peripheral areas like Portugal, Poland, Scandinavia and Ireland. Providing a vivid representation of the development of nations, peoples and social structures, and charting political and military events, the Atlas takes a detailed look at a variety of key areas including language and literature; the development of trade, art and architecture; and the great cities and lives of historical figures. With over 180 maps, expert commentaries and an extensive bibliography, this second edition of an essential reference guide to medieval Europe brings the complex and colourful history of the Middle Ages to life.