The Neutron: A Tool and an Object in Nuclear and Particle Physics (BOK)
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The reactor-based laboratory at the Institut Laue Langevin is recognized as the world's most productive and reliable source of slow neutrons for the study of low energy particle and nuclear physics. This book highlights for the first time the impact of about 600 very diverse publications, produced in these fields at this institute during the past 30 years. On one hand neutrons are used as a tool to generate nuclei in excited states for studying their structure and behavior. On the other hand, uniquely sensitive experiments using neutrons directly as the object of investigation, can tell us a great deal about the symmetry characteristics of nuclei, particles, and their interactions. Complementary to studies at huge particle accelerators the experiments carried out at the ILL contribute to elucidate important questions about the building blocks of the Universe by carrying out subtle, very precise experiments at very low energies.