Ever wondered where Conan Doyle got his inspiration for the literary sleuth? Was there a real 'study in scarlet' in Victorian London? Who was the real Moriarty, and did he baffle Victorian police detectives? B. J. Rahn explores the world that Sherlock emerged from in this fascinating look at crime and detection in nineteenth-century London. She explores in turn each aspect of the novels, from footprint analysis and blood testing to drug addiction and political crimes. Holmes is a man known for his eccentricities - his reclusiveness and the aura of genius have become trademarks today, and are recognisable in any Holmes adaptation. This book reveals the men, including Dr Joseph Bell and Edgar Alan Poe, who inspired that iconic persona. Moriarty was Sherlock's nemesis. Dubbed 'the Napoleon of crime' by Scotland Yard, Adam Worth provides a model for Moriarty as the clever, audacious head of an international criminal network. The experiments of Dr Serge Voronoff, involving hormone injections from monkey glands, sparked controversy and debate, meanwhile becoming inspirational material for Conan Doyle's 'The Creeping Man'. The perfect book for any Sherlock fan who wants to find out about the background to the stories. You'll be astonished at just how real some of them were.