The EU needs fundamental reform, Roger Bootle argues. It was conceived in a world of large blocs, before globalisation and the rise of the emerging markets. Its agenda of harmonisation and integration inevitably leads to excessive regulation and the smothering of competition. It hasn't delivered the prosperity and growth it promised. The clearest example of the EU's tortured politics producing poor economic performance is the formation of the Euro, which was undertaken for political reasons intrinsic to the European project. It has turned out to be the problem rather than the solution. What is more, if nothing changes, the EU's share of world GDP is set to fall sharply and, with it, Europe's influence in the world. Leaving the EU would not be pain and risk free, but nor is the only option to stick with the current institutions. It's time to raise the level of debate, examine the options, and tackle the trouble with Europe.