The global illegal wildlife trade is a burgeoning black market which is threatening the survival of numerous species. Wyatt's unique analysis provides new theoretical conceptualisations of the victims and offenders of wildlife trafficking, and furthers the discussion of these crimes through a distinctive green criminological perspective. This book begins with essential background information into the scale and scope of the smuggling of animals and plants bringing to light the often unknown magnitude of this black market. Wyatt considers the threats posed to the environment, people and the economy and evaluates the reasons behind wildlife trafficking by exploring the demand for wildlife. Detailing the interdisciplinary stakeholders involved in fighting wildlife trafficking as well as the collaborative efforts that they are engaged in to end this black market, the book ends with a look to the future of the illegal wildlife trade and the chances of survival for those species targeted for human consumption. Exploring how law enforcement, environmentalists, policy makers, and the public must find a common ground in regards to criminalisation and conservation in the diverse regions supplying the illegal wildlife trade, this book will appeal to scholars in the areas of Green Criminology, Environmental Sociology, Environmental Justice, Victimology and Organized Crime as well as conservationists and ecologists more broadly.